Elbow dysplasia has been shown to be more prevalent than hip dysplasia in some canine breeds. A number of breeds, mostly larger, have been identified as having a greater incidence of elbow dysplasia. These breeds are the Bernese Mountain, English Mastiff, German Shepherd, Golden Retriever, Great Dane, Irish Wolfhound, Labrador Retriever, Newfoundland and Rottweiler.
Many sub-set diagnoses of elbow dysplasia exist including fragmented medial coronoid process, osteochondritis dissecans and medial compartment syndrome just to name a few.
State of the art definitive diagnosis involves arthroscopic examination. Some cases can be treated entirely with arthroscopic procedures.