The diagnosis of OA can be made using physical examination, radiography (x-rays) and arthroscopy. Pain, swelling and decreased ROM (range of motion) are common physical examination findings. Radiographs are also useful in diagnosing canine OA and may reveal joint thickening, joint effusion, and bone spur formation. Arthroscopy is the most accurate and non-invasive method of thorough joint inspection and evaluation. Arthroscopy has been shown to be more accurate in cartilage evaluation than MRI. Arthroscopy also is extremely useful in identifying an underlying cause of the OA. The most important aspect of diagnosis is identifying the underlying cause.
Diagnosis of Canine Arthritis
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